Secondary data is public information that has been collected by others. It is typically free or inexpensive to obtain and can act as a strong foundation to any research project — provided you know where to find it and how to judge its worth and relevance.
Examples of secondary information include reports and studies by government agencies, trade associations or other businesses within your industry. Secondary research uses outside information assembled by government agencies, industry and trade associations, labor unions, media sources, chambers of commerce, and so on.
Secondary data can be obtained from different sources : information collected through censuses or government departments like housing, social security, electoral statistics, tax records. internet searches or libraries. GPS, remote sensing. km progress reports.
Examples of secondary sources include: journal articles that comment on or analyse research. textbooks. dictionaries and encyclopaedias. books that interpret, analyse. political commentary. biographies. dissertations. newspaper editorial/opinion pieces.
Primary data is information collected through original or first-hand research . For example, surveys and focus group discussions. On the other hand, secondary data is information which has been collected in the past by someone else. For example, researching the internet, newspaper articles and company reports.
Primary data is the type of data that is collected by researchers directly from main sources while secondary data is the data that has already been collected through primary sources and made readily available for researchers to use for their own research.
Four common types of market research techniques include surveys , interviews, focus groups, and customer observation.
What is Secondary Market Research ? Published market studies. Competitive information. White papers. Analyst reports. Previous in-house studies. Prior internal focus groups. Customer emails. Customer surveys and feedback.
3 Types of Market Research: Which Does Your Business Need? Exploratory Research. Companies use exploratory research methods to uncover facts and opinions regarding a particular subject. Descriptive Research . Descriptive research seeks to concretely describe a situation in ways that will allow companies to direct decisions and monitor progress. Causal Research.
Secondary Data Collection Methods Government publications. Public records. Historical and statistical documents. Business documents. Technical and trade journals.
There are various reasons for using secondary data : A particularly good collection of data already exists. You are doing a historical study – that is, your study begins and ends at a particular point in time. You are covering an extended period, and analysing development over that period – a longitudinal study.
Secondary research process in 4 steps. Step 1: Develop your research question(s) Step 2: Identify a secondary data set. Step 3: Evaluate a secondary data set.
Secondary sources can be found in books, journals, or Internet resources. the online catalog, the appropriate article databases, subject encyclopedias, bibliographies, and by consulting with your instructor.
Examples of Primary Sources archives and manuscript material. photographs, audio recordings, video recordings, films. journals, letters and diaries. speeches. scrapbooks. published books, newspapers and magazine clippings published at the time. government publications. oral histories.
Secondary sources describe, interpret or analyze information obtained from other sources (often primary sources ). Examples of secondary sources include many books, textbooks , and scholarly review articles.